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The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James, and JudeWhat Earliest Christianity Learned from the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha$
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David A. deSilva

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195329001

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329001.001.0001

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The Book of Enoch

The Book of Enoch

The Order of God’s Cosmos and the Consequences of Violations

(p.101) 5 The Book of Enoch
The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James, and Jude

David A. deSilva

Oxford University Press

Like Ben Sira and Tobit, the presence and impact of 1 Enoch in Second Temple period Palestine suggests that it was also well positioned to exercise ongoing influence on thoughtful Jews. Each constitutive part of 1 Enoch is examined in turn: first its contents and historical situation and “agenda” are treated, followed by a discussion of points of possible impact on the teachings of Jesus, James, and Jude (the last, indeed, quotes 1 Enoch explicitly and refers to the story of the Watchers in detail). Special attention is given to establishing the relationship of the “Parables of Enoch” to early Christian literature and the authenticity of Jesus' uses of the title “Son of man” to refer to God's end-time agent.

Keywords:   1 Enoch, Watchers, Enochic Judaism, Jesus, Letter of Jude, judgment, resurrection, Essenism

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