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Becoming HebrewThe Creation of a Jewish National Culture in Ottoman Palestine$
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Arieh B. Saposnik

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195331219

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331219.001.0001

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 “The Jew Has Died and the Hebrew Has Been Born”

 “The Jew Has Died and the Hebrew Has Been Born”

Making and Locating Cultural Traditions

(p.189) 9 “The Jew Has Died and the Hebrew Has Been Born”
Becoming Hebrew

Arieh Bruce Saposnik

Oxford University Press

As the Yishuv grew demographically, the distinctive national culture that emerged necessitated a renegotiation of national centers and peripheries. Zionism's geographical rearrangement of Jewish life entailed a demand for cultural realignment and a renegotiation of the relationship between the new Zionist culture and the traditions associated with Jewish centers of the Diaspora. This process was punctuated by polemical outbursts, as in the “Brenner affair” and the storms surrounding the Herzlia Gymnasium, in particular its incorporation of biblical criticism in its teaching. In 1910* a speaker at a national celebration in Jerusalem declared that “the Jew has died, the Hebrew has been born,” while a writer abroad proclaimed the emergence of a “new Israel” in Palestine. A “literary mania,” as Menahem Ussishkin called it, and the crystallization of a celebratory style and educational agendas were among the key manifestations of that new national entity.

Keywords:   Bible, Biblical criticism, Brenner affair, Celebration, Diaspora, Education, Herzlia Gymnasium, Yosef Haim Brenner

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