This chapter returns to Avicenna’s theory of the intellect, but now with a focus on the practical intellect and its role in the formation of our moral temperaments. Since Avicenna believes that the proper formation of these temperaments and the life of the human species require communal association, there is a discussion of Avicenna’s political theory, which at its core has the Avicennan counterpart to the Platonic “Philosopher-King,” namely, Avicenna’s “Prophet-Lawgiver.” Once completing this background, Avicenna’s conception of the return or afterlife is taken up, along with a discussion of Avicenna’s vision of the pleasures and pains that one might expect to experience there depending upon the life one has lived here. The chapter concludes with Avicenna’s views about providence and his general account of why evil exists in a world created by a wholly good God.
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