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ReferenceInterdisciplinary Perspectives$
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Jeanette Gundel and Nancy Hedberg

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195331639

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.001.0001

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Equatives and Deferred Reference

Equatives and Deferred Reference

(p.73) 4 Equatives and Deferred Reference

Gregory Ward

Oxford University Press

Previous accounts of deferred reference (e.g. Nunberg 1995) have argued that all (non-ostensive) deferred reference is the result of meaning transfer, a shift in the sense of a nominal or predicate expression. An analysis of deferred equatives (I'm the Pad Thai) suggests an alternative account based on the notion of pragmatic mapping: a contextually licensed mapping operation between (sets of) discourse entities, neither of which undergoes a transfer of meaning. Moreover, the use of a deferred equative requires the presence of a contextually licensed open proposition (Prince 1986) whose instantiation encodes the particular mapping between entities, both of which remain accessible to varying degrees within the discourse context. Finally, it is shown how a complete account of deferred reference must provide for transfers of reference as well as sense.

Keywords:   deferred reference, meaning transfer, pragmatic mapping, open proposition, Nunberg, Prince

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