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Brother's KeeperThe United States, Race, and Empire in the British Caribbean, 1937-1962$
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Jason C. Parker

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195332025

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332025.001.0001

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The West Indian Watershed

The West Indian Watershed

(p.16) 1 The West Indian Watershed
Brother's Keeper

Janson C. Parker (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Describes the regional landscape prior to World War II. Outlines the factors that would launch the decolonization process and shape U.S. relations with the islands: the West Indian expatriate community in New York; the explosion of labor riots in the Caribbean, especially in Trinidad in 1937 and Jamaica in 1938, and the growth of West Indian nationalist sentiment that followed; the consequent reorientation of British policy, toward welfare and development and eventually federation and independence; the outbreak of World War II in Europe; the West Indian expatriate community forging ties with African Americans to take advantage of British weakness; and the U.S. reaction to the changed situation, leading to the 1940 Anglo-American Bases-for-Destroyers Deal and the construction of U.S. bases in the islands the following year.

Keywords:   U.S. foreign relations, British West Indies, decolonization, Caribbean, African Diaspora, African Americans, World War II, Jamaica, Trinidad, labor riots, Harlem

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