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Brother's KeeperThe United States, Race, and Empire in the British Caribbean, 1937-1962$
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Jason C. Parker

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195332025

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332025.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 November 2020

Collapse: The Broken Bulwark

Collapse: The Broken Bulwark

(p.140) 6 Collapse: The Broken Bulwark
Brother's Keeper

Janson C. Parker (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Describes the optimism that accompanied the settlement of the Chaguaramas dispute, which formed part of the Kennedy administration's anti-Castro hemispheric diplomacy. Along with the Alliance for Progress and other initiatives, the now-solidified West Indies Federation was as crucial a part of American designs as of British and West Indian plans. The September 1961 Jamaican referendum, on that island's continued participation in the federation, was expected to return an affirmative answer. When it did not, all parties were forced to improvise. Jamaica's exit doomed the union, and the federation joined others around the postwar globe in fracturing along insular lines. The United States retooled its regional policy around the “twin pillars” of Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago, both of which achieved their independence in 1962.

Keywords:   U.S. foreign relations, British West Indies, West Indies Federation, Cold War, decolonization, Caribbean, Jamaican referendum, bauxite, Eric Williams, Chaguaramas, Castro, Inter-American relations

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