Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Mark L. Latash

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195333169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 November 2021

Atypical, Suboptimal, and Changing Synergies

Atypical, Suboptimal, and Changing Synergies

(p.227) Part Six Atypical, Suboptimal, and Changing Synergies

Mark L. Latash (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The sixth part of the book reviews applications of the described approach to atypical and changing movements. It starts with a discussion of the notion of normality and its applicability to motor synergies. An argument is made that “normal synergies” do not exist. Further, plasticity within the central nervous system is discussed with a Digression on transcranial magnetic stimulation, a commonly used tool to study brain plasticity. The next three sections within this part deal with effects of healthy aging, atypical development (Down syndrome), and neurological disorder (stroke) on movement patterns and motor synergies. Finally, the effects of practice on motor synergies are discussed with examples that document two stages in motor learning, the creation and strengthening of appropriate synergies, and the apparent weakening of the synergies when movement patterns are optimized with respect to other factors such as energy expenditure, fatigue, esthetics, etc.

Keywords:   normality, plasticity, transcranial magnetic stimulation, aging, Down syndrome, stroke, motor learning

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .