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The Science of Social Vision$
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Reginald B. Adams, Nalini Ambady, Ken Nakayama, and Shinsuke Shimojo

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195333176

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.001.0001

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Social Constraints on the Visual Perception of Biological Motion

Social Constraints on the Visual Perception of Biological Motion

(p.264) Chapter 15 Social Constraints on the Visual Perception of Biological Motion
The Science of Social Vision

Kerri L. Johnson

Frank E. Pollick

Lawrie S. McKay

Oxford University Press

This chapter sheds light on how the once-clear distinctions between the visual and social approaches to social categorization of the human body have begun to blur. First, it reviews findings from classic studies of biological motion perception that bear directly on domains that social psychologists care deeply about—the perception of social categories, identities, and psychological states. It then describes two ways in which these basic patterns are constrained by social psychological processes. It reviews evidence that social category knowledge constrains the interpretation and evaluation of dynamic body motion for evaluative social judgments. Then, it presents data highlighting how knowledge structures(i.e., stereotypes)can bias one's basic perception of the human body in motion.

Keywords:   social categorization, motion perception, social psychological processes, social category knowledge, social judgments

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