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Randomized Controlled TrialsDesign and Implementation for Community-Based Psychosocial Interventions$
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Phyllis Solomon, Mary M. Cavanaugh, and Jeffrey Draine

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195333190

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 October 2021

Implementing the Randomized Controlled Trial

Implementing the Randomized Controlled Trial

(p.138) 6 Implementing the Randomized Controlled Trial
Randomized Controlled Trials

Phyllis Solomon

Mary M. Cavanaugh

Jeffrey Draine

Oxford University Press

Chapter 6 focuses on preparing the setting for the intervention and highlights the necessity for ongoing cooperation. The use of computer technology for recruitment and tracking of participants is presented. In addition, the importance of the interplay of the environmental setting and the community-based psychosocial intervention is examined. Considerations as to how to manage a shift in the intervention and policies and staffing changes during the conduct of the RCT are discussed. Training and supervising staff regarding implementing the intervention are also essential to ensuring the integrity of the RCT. Issues of implementing fidelity assessments and means to assess and ensure the protection of the control condition from contamination of the experimental intervention are implementation priorities. The utility of qualitative methods in assessing the implementation and environmental contextual factors that may also impact the intervention, as well as the outcomes, are examined.

Keywords:   setting, tracking, monitoring, fidelity assessment, qualitative methods, environmental context, training, supervision

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