Intercountry adoption (ICA) as it is known today dates back to the late 1940s, when children orphaned during World War II were adopted by families in other nations. What began as a relatively uncommon practice grew in frequency in the 1980s and 1990s and surged at the millennium, resulting in a quiet migration. This chapter begins with a brief history of ICA. It then examines the Hague Convention for Intercountry Adoption (HCIA) followed by a discussion of ICA and social work practice.
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