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Implicit Motives$
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Oliver Schultheiss and Joachim Brunstein

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195335156

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.001.0001

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Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation

(p.279) Chapter 10 Biopsychological and Neural Processes of Implicit Motivation
Implicit Motives

Julie L. Hall

Steven J. Stanton

Oliver C. Schultheiss

Oxford University Press

In this chapter we provide an overview of recent research on the biopsychological correlates of implicit motives. We review evidence for a role of gonadal steroids (testosterone and estradiol) as well as stress axis activation in power motivation arousal and satisfaction/frustration, summarize recent research on the role of progesterone and affiliation motivation, and discuss a possible role for arginine–vasopressin in achievement motivation. We also present findings from brain imaging work that indicate that the needs for power, affiliation, and achievement modulate activity in a core motivational circuit consisting of striatum, amygdala, orbitofrontal cortex, and insula when nonverbal social incentives are processed.

Keywords:   implicit motives, affective neuroscience, social endocrinology, hormones, testosterone, estradiol, cortisol, progesterone, arginine–vasopressin, motivation, brain imaging, striatum, amygdala, insula, orbitofrontal cortex

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