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The Political Psychology of Democratic Citizenship$
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Eugene Borgida, Christopher M Federico, and John L Sullivan

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195335453

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335453.001.0001

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Experimental Social Psychology, Broader Contexts, and the Politics of Multiculturalism

Experimental Social Psychology, Broader Contexts, and the Politics of Multiculturalism

Chapter:
(p.325) Chapter 14 Experimental Social Psychology, Broader Contexts, and the Politics of Multiculturalism
Source:
The Political Psychology of Democratic Citizenship
Author(s):

David O Sears

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335453.003.0014

This chapter contends that experimental social psychology — particularly that dealing with intergroup relations — is shaped by multicultural political sensibilities. Multiculturalism is based on the expectation of intergroup conflict, and as such is incompatible with individual-centered social psychological theories that emphasize individualism, integration, and assimilation. Given that political psychology uses experimental investigations based largely on college student samples, the field is not well situated to assess the external validity of multicultural- and individual-centered approaches. As an illustration, the chapter presents evidence indicating it is problematic to make universal claims of an “incompatibility” between ethnic and national identities, instead suggesting that the relationship between these identities is highly nuanced and contextualized. In conclusion, the chapter suggests that cross-talk between psychology and political science may be helpful in overcoming these difficulties, providing a healthy, generative stimulus for the development of the field as a whole.

Keywords:   multiculturalism, intergroup conflict, ethnic identity, black exceptionalism, experimental social psychology

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