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American Geography and Geographers – Toward Geographical Science - Oxford Scholarship Online
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American Geography and Geographers: Toward Geographical Science

Geoffrey J. Martin


Commencing in the 1820’s, American scholars took learning in Germany. There they confronted forms of geography in the universities, and learned of the normal school tradition. Upon their return to North America the normal school was introduced and with it came an early and simplistic variety of geography. Gradually courses geographic in nature began to emerge from the geology offering. Binomial departments, geology-geography, began to emerge. Early content of the geographic offering included delimitation of both the physiographic province and the geographic region. Then came study of economic ... More

Keywords: geography, physiography, normal school, region, environmentalism, World War, Hispanic America, pioneer settlement, ecology, archival sources

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780195336023
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336023.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Geoffrey J. Martin, author
Southern Connecticut State University