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American Geography and GeographersToward Geographical Science$
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Geoffrey J. Martin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780195336023

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336023.001.0001

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The Ecological Tradition in American Geography

The Ecological Tradition in American Geography

A Perspective

(p.754) 13 The Ecological Tradition in American Geography
American Geography and Geographers

Geoffrey Martin

Oxford University Press

During the nineteenth century, the idea of studying life, its many forms, in its different environments, began to assume a new earnestness. The idea was perhaps as old as the well-known Greek thinkers, but now it had champions to give it currency. Charles Darwin, Oscar Drude, Eugenius Warming, and Andreas Schimper wrote of such matters. Books were written, lectures and courses were given, and centers of intellection emerged, particularly at Harvard, Chicago, and Nebraska. Ecology was becoming part of a new natural history. Geographers developed human ecology in part as an alternate to determinism. The Ecological Society of America (1916) became a clearinghouse of ideas for thinkers from a variety of disciplines.

Keywords:   Haeckel, Cowles, ecosystem, human ecology, Matamek Conference, Elton, Gaia

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