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American Geography and GeographersToward Geographical Science$
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Geoffrey J. Martin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780195336023

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336023.001.0001

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Geography, Geographers, and World War II

Geography, Geographers, and World War II

(p.955) 16 Geography, Geographers, and World War II
American Geography and Geographers

Geoffrey Martin

Oxford University Press

During the 1930s, relocation of people as a result of German racial policies became an issue of grave importance. Isaiah Bowman advised President Roosevelt about areas where feasibility studies for the settlement of displaced persons might be undertaken. In Washington, the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was established. Many geographers were employed by this organization, in which maps and intelligence were major commodities. JANIS—Joint Army Navy Intelligence Studies—were instituted. The Army Specialized Training Program quickly produced a fundamental geographical literature used in its classes throughout the country. After the war, the allies held German geographer-scientists at the “Ashcan” and “Dustbin” detention centers, where they were interrogated.

Keywords:   OSS, JANIS, Evian, “M” Project, “Ashcan,” “Dustbin,” Polar World, Japan

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