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American Geography and GeographersToward Geographical Science$
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Geoffrey J. Martin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780195336023

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336023.001.0001

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Environmentalism and Its Varieties

Environmentalism and Its Varieties

(p.375) 7 Environmentalism and Its Varieties
American Geography and Geographers

Geoffrey Martin

Oxford University Press

Environmentalism as a body of thought is more than 2,000 years old. It had a resurgence in the nineteenth century and was studied by American geographers in the 1800s and into the first half of the twentieth century. A central debate concerned the extent to which the environment essentially determines human behavior. Some geographers felt that extreme claims were made in this regard, and voiced their doubts beginning in the early 1920s. Leading geographer-exponents of environmentalism included Ellen C. Semple and Ellsworth Huntington, who wrote abundantly on the subject ca. 1900–1930.

Keywords:   environmentalism, determinism, influence, author, criticism

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