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Sound CommitmentsAvant-Garde Music and the Sixties$
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Robert Adlington

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195336641

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336641.001.0001

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“Scream against the Sky”

“Scream against the Sky”

Japanese Avant‐garde Music in the Sixties

(p.187) 9 “Scream against the Sky”
Sound Commitments

Yayoi Uno Everett

Oxford University Press

In 1960, a succession of massive strikes and violent demonstrations culminated in a national crisis in Japan, spurred by the United States‐Japan Security Treaty which gave the United States the right to use Japan as a military base, and thereby expanded the Cold War arena in East Asia. Socialist parties, artists, and intellectuals staged large‐scale protests (called Anpo‐Undô) in opposition to the authorities. Rejecting the fallacies of Japanese imperialism, this new generation faced the task of rebuilding their cultural identity from the charred ruins of post‐atomic history. This chapter examines the diverse aesthetic trajectories and reception of Japanese avant‐garde music that emerged during this critical period of transition, with particular attention to Tokyo's Sôgetsu Center for the Arts, and the works of Yoko Ono, Toshi Ichiyanagi, and Yûji Takahashi.

Keywords:   avant‐garde music, Japan, Yoko Ono, Toshi Ichiyanagi, Yûji Takahashi, Sôgetsu Center for the Arts, cold war

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