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Millennial Literatures of the Americas, 1492-2002$
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Thomas O. Beebee

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195339383

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339383.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 January 2021

Golden UFOs: Ernesto Cardenal and Millennial Ufology

Golden UFOs: Ernesto Cardenal and Millennial Ufology

(p.133) 5 Golden UFOs: Ernesto Cardenal and Millennial Ufology
Millennial Literatures of the Americas, 1492-2002

Thomas O Beebee (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

American culture is suffused with technological millennialism. While the number of core believers in eugenics, cryonics, uploading of consciousness, and space colonies as postmillennial projects may be few, their futurist concepts have broad appeal for literature and film. Millennial ufology, in particular, represents a highly visible reformulation of Christian eschatology. Rather than angels or the messiah emerging from the clouds to battle the Antichrist and redeem the chosen, the messiah is now a benevolent interstellar space traveler, returning to Earth to rescue his space brothers from evil aliens and the ravages inflicted on the planet by technology and pollution. This chapter explores the relation of technology, extra-terrestrialism, and millennium as developed in the writings of the Nicaraguan poet, Ernesto Cardenal (1925– ), a Catholic priest who became the Sandinista Minister of Culture in the 1980s. Cardenal uses the UFO motif to link first with last things, alpha with omega, Indian with European. The ultimate technology symbolized in UFOs is needed to reverse history and return the earth to a golden age where the land is once again in the keeping of Native Americans. The chapter uncovers surprising links between Cardenal’s poetic visions, the history of UFO sightings, and the reports of UFO experiencers and of the Nation of Islam leaders, Elijah Muhammad and Louis Farrakhan.

Keywords:   ufology, Ernesto Cardenal, UFOs, technological millennialism, Ernesto Sandino, Nicaragua, Nation of Islam, Louis Farrakhan, Elijah Muhammad

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