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African PentecostalismAn Introduction$
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Ogbu Kalu

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195340006

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340006.001.0001

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 Child of the Bondwoman

 Child of the Bondwoman

Islam and Sharia in Pentecostal Rhetoric: A Nigerian Case Study

(p.225) 12 Child of the Bondwoman
African Pentecostalism

Ogbu Kalu

Oxford University Press

The intensified level of religious violence around the world and especially in Africa is a disconcerting dimension of the 21st century. Some argue that religions have an innate affirmation of violence; that, in spite of the many levels of meaning given to the word jihad, it demands the use of force, and especially violence, to protect religion, and that Christianity's track record is no better in this aspect than any other religion's. Using Nigeria as a case study, this chapter examines the discourses used by scholars to explain the rising crescendo of religious violence, the radicalization of Islamic politics amid the competition for dwindling economic resources, responses to modernity, the dilemma of pluralism in a modern African state, and especially the “clash of fundamentalisms” induced by the insurgence of Pentecostalism and charismatic forces into Islamic strongholds. The reassertion of local identities and the manipulation of religion as a cultural signifier is reflected by the demonization of Islam in Pentecostal rhetoric.

Keywords:   Pentecostalism, jihad, Nigeria, Islam, Sharia, Muslims, Pentecostal rhetoric

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