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Policing Problem PlacesCrime Hot Spots and Effective Prevention$
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Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195341966

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341966.001.0001

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The Empirical Evidence for Hot Spots Policing

The Empirical Evidence for Hot Spots Policing

(p.99) 4 The Empirical Evidence for Hot Spots Policing
Policing Problem Places

Anthony A. Braga

David L. Weisburd

Oxford University Press

Evidence‐based crime prevention is a part of a larger and increasingly expanding movement in social policy to use scientific research evidence to guide program development and implementation. In general terms, this movement is dedicated to the improvement of society through the utilization of the highest quality scientific evidence on what works best. In this chapter, the strengths and weaknesses of common research designs, such as randomized experiments, are described in order to place our discussion of prioritization of research findings in context. Results of three rigorous research reviews that assess the crime prevention value of hot spots policing are then presented. The important issue of whether focused police efforts in hot spot areas lead to displacement of crime to other locations or a diffusion of crime control benefits to nearby locations is also considered. Using scientific evaluation evidence as a criterion, there is substantial support for the crime prevention effectiveness of hot spots policing.

Keywords:   evidence‐based crime prevention, randomized experiments, crime displacement, diffusion of crime control benefits

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