Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Innovation for the 21st CenturyHarnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Michael A. Carrier

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195342581

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 13 June 2021

Biotechnology Dilemma 2: Material Transfer Agreements

Biotechnology Dilemma 2: Material Transfer Agreements

Innovation for the 21st Century

Michael A. Carrier

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on material transfer agreements (MTAs). Scientists frequently need and request materials owned by others. The most common request involves biological materials such as genes, cell lines, tissues, and organisms used to create new products. Each of these materials is an input in the research and development (R&D) process, allowing scientists to create new products that eventually could be used by the public. In many cases, the recipient must sign an MTA, which can be defined as a contract between the owner of a material and a party that wishes to use the material for research purposes. MTAs present at least five threats to innovation in the biotechnology industry: (1) withheld materials, (2) abandoned research lines, (3) delays in receiving material, (4) publication restrictions, and (5) other harms. The chapter offers a proposal to address these concerns.

Keywords:   biotechnology industry, research, material transfer agreements, MTA, reach-through licenses, stem cells, Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, WiCell Research Institute, uniform biological MTA, NIH

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .