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Neuroimaging in Epilepsy$
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Harry Chugani, MD

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195342765

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.001.0001

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Historical Perspectives of Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Historical Perspectives of Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

(p.3) Chapter 1 Historical Perspectives of Neuroimaging in Epilepsy
Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Harry T. Chugani

Ajay Kumar

Oxford University Press

Imaging modalities have evolved over the last century and different modalities, such as plain X-ray, air or contrast ventriculography, pneumo-encephalography, cerebral angiography, CT scan, MRI, SPECT and PET scanning all have significantly contributed to the diagnosis and management of epilepsy. Whereas some of the initial imaging modalities, such as X-ray, ventriculography and conventional nuclear medicine imaging have become almost redundant and obsolete, the advent and evolution of various high-resolution tomographic neuroimaging during the past several decades has had a significant impact on the understanding, classification and treatment of patients with epilepsy. Cerebral imaging became almost routine following the development and widespread availability of CT scanning, which quickly became the standard of care in the evaluation of patients with epilepsy until outperformed by much higher resolution and greater structural details of MRI. This chapter briefly reviews the historical aspects and evolution of neuroimaging in epilepsy.

Keywords:   epilepsy, neuroimaging, x-ray, CT scan, nuclear medicine imaging

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