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From Serra to SanchoMusic and Pageantry in the California Missions$
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Craig H. Russell

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195343274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343274.001.0001

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Juan Bautista Sancho

Juan Bautista Sancho

Tracing the Mallorcan Connection

(p.228) Chapter 5 Juan Bautista Sancho
From Serra to Sancho

Craig H. Russell

Oxford University Press

Among the friars, few rival Juan Bautista Sancho (1772?–1830) in musical expertise. This chapter maps out Sancho's family tree and his early life in Artà, Mallorca. It explores his development as a Franciscan, including his musical accomplishments as music director at the Convent de Sant Francesc in Palma de Mallorca. Sancho and his best friend, Pedro Cabot, left for Mexico in 1803 to continue their missionary training and arrived in California in 1804. Sancho translated sacred texts into local indigenous languages. After the Mexican War of Independence, Sancho refused to swear allegiance to the new government but instead remained loyal to King Fernando VII. While at the San Antonio Mission, Sancho and the neophyte population created a flourishing community. They developed a magnificent orchestra and choir, capable of playing music in the Classical, or galant, style. Sancho's Credo Artanense and Misa en sol (Mass in G) are explored in detail.

Keywords:   Juan Bautista Sancho, Mallorca, Franciscan, Convent de Sant Francesc, Palma de Mallorca, Pedro Cabot, Mexican War of Independence, San Antonio Mission, Classical style, galant style

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