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From Serra to SanchoMusic and Pageantry in the California Missions$
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Craig H. Russell

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195343274

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343274.001.0001

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Classical Masses for Voices and Orchestra by Ignacio de Jerusalem and García Fajer

Classical Masses for Voices and Orchestra by Ignacio de Jerusalem and García Fajer

(p.337) Chapter 7 Classical Masses for Voices and Orchestra by Ignacio de Jerusalem and García Fajer
From Serra to Sancho

Craig H. Russell

Oxford University Press

Much of the mission music was composed by Ignacio de Jerusalem (1707–69) and the Spaniard Francisco Javier García Fajer—better known as “El Españoleto” (1730–1809). This chapter summarizes their biographies and then analyzes three Jerusalem masses found in California mission archives. Jerusalem was born in Lecce, Italy, spent years in Spain and North Africa, and then moved to Mexico in 1743 to work for the Coliseo, Mexico City's most important theater. He won the post of chapelmaster at the Mexico City Cathedral in 1750 through a demanding competition. At times he could be difficult, as evidenced by run-ins with the Coliseo, the cathedral administrators, musicians Domingo Dutra and Matheo Tollis de la Rocca, and his own wife. He did much to expand the musical resources at the cathedral and bring it up-to-date with respect to the galant, or Classical, style. The chapter explores aspects of the orchestra in California.

Keywords:   Ignacio de Jerusalem, Francisco Javier García Fajer, El Españoleto, Coliseo, Mexico City Cathedral, Domingo Dutra, Matheo Tollis de la Rocca, galant style, Classical style, orchestra

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