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Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and PeopleStress in Wild Animals and How They Cope$
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L.Michael Romero and John C. Wingfield

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780195366693

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366693.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 January 2022

The Classic Stress Response

The Classic Stress Response

(p.115) 4 The Classic Stress Response
Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and People

L. Michael Romero

John C. Wingfield

Oxford University Press

Taking an ecological approach, the stress response is highly adaptive, allowing organisms to respond to stressful events with the emergency life-history stage (ELHS). This complex life-history stage serves to redirect an individual from its normal life cycle into an emergency coping mode, promoting survival in the best condition possible. After the perturbation passes, the normal life cycle can be resumed. This chapter disusses how the primary mediators of the stress response, especially the corticosteroids and catecholamines, help orchestrate the ELHS. The ELHS has four distinct components: the fight-or-flight response (to sudden threatening events such as an attack by a predator), reactive/proactive coping strategies (especially in response to social stress), preparations of the immune system for potential injury and infection, and facultative behavioral and physiological responses that potentiate avoidance of chronic stress.

Keywords:   fight-or-flight, stress response, emergency life-history stage, behavioral, physiological, chronic stress

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