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Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and PeopleStress in Wild Animals and How They Cope$
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L.Michael Romero and John C. Wingfield

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780195366693

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366693.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 28 January 2022

Responses to Natural Perturbations

Responses to Natural Perturbations

Poxes, Predators, and Personalities

(p.353) 9 Responses to Natural Perturbations
Tempests, Poxes, Predators, and People

L. Michael Romero

John C. Wingfield

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows how free-living animals respond to attack, either by predators or parasites. It is clear that infection, injury, population density, and competition trigger facultative and presumably adaptive behavioral and physiological responses such as sickness behavior, dispersal, and irruptive migration. These responses, however, are modified by the individual’s social status and coping style (reactive or proactive). Most of these kinds of investigations have been conducted at least partially in the field, and therefore represent facultative responses under naturalistic conditions. Nonetheless, the sheer diversity and complexity of these responses and their relationships to age, gender, social status etc. present an almost daunting prospect for the future to tease apart common mechanisms and underlying themes that explain how life on Earth copes with a frequently capricious environment.

Keywords:   infection, injury, sickness behavior, predation, social status, competition, coping styles, population density, juvenile dispersal, irruptive migration

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