Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Agile Mind$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Wilma Koutstaal

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195367188

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367188.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 December 2020

Brain Bases of Levels of Specificity and Levels of Control, Part 2

Brain Bases of Levels of Specificity and Levels of Control, Part 2

Concepts and Intuition, Resilience, Novelty, and Exploration

(p.387) 9 Brain Bases of Levels of Specificity and Levels of Control, Part 2
The Agile Mind

Wilma Koutstaal

Oxford University Press

A companion to the preceding chapter, this chapter concentrates on experimental findings from cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology that help to illuminate the neural bases of levels of representational specificity, levels of control, and their interrelations in enabling agility of mind. It begins by considering the bases of the representation of semantic knowledge and concepts in the brain. It then examines the importance of the nature of brain activity and the patterns of brain connectivity that are present during times of “nondirected” and “spontaneous” thinking. Two sections explore the brain bases of “bouncing back” or resilience, and of adaptive responding to novelty, respectively. The section on resilience draws attention to the top-down influence of ventral medial prefrontal cortex, the role of serotonergic function, and the mechanisms by which physical exercise and certain early experiences may promote resilience to stress; the section on adaptive responding to novelty focuses especially on the role of the locus coeruleus-norephinephrine system in novelty, reward, and exploration. The final section turns to the dynamic interplay of cognition, emotion, and motivation that determine the emergence of the behavioral approach versus behavioral avoidance.

Keywords:   representational specificity, levels of control, mental agility, semantic knowledge, brain connectivity, thinking, resilience, adaptive responding, novelty

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .