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The Power and Purpose of International LawInsights from the Theory and Practice of Enforcement$
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Mary Ellen O'Connell

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195368949

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368949.001.0001

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Collective Armed Measures

Collective Armed Measures

(p.193) Chapter 5 Collective Armed Measures
The Power and Purpose of International Law

Mary Ellen O'Connell

Oxford University Press

States acting under the authority of the UN Security Council have greater scope to use armed force to enforce international law than states acting without authorization. The Council has the power to order uses of force in cases of threats to the peace, as well as actual breaches of the peace. The 2005 World Summit Outcome recognizes that threats to the peace may include situations of serious human rights violations. Uses of force authorized by the Council are also regulated under the general principles of necessity and proportionality. Australia's use of force in East Timor in 2000 complied with these rules; NATO's use of force in 1999 in the Kosovo Crisis did not.

Keywords:   Security Council, necessity, proportionality, humanitarian intervention, threats

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