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ClonalityThe Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals$
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John C. Avise

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195369670

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.001.0001

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Human-Sponsored Clonality

Human-Sponsored Clonality

(p.157) CHAPTER SEVEN Human-Sponsored Clonality

John C. Avise

Oxford University Press

Cloning by human hands can mean many things. It can refer to the intentional clonal propagation, via recombinant-DNA technologies, of small bits of a genome such as particular genes or regulatory DNA sequences. It can refer to the artificial stimulation of natural clonal processes, as for example by subjecting animals to treatments or research protocols that induce parthenogenesis, gynogenesis, hybridogenesis, or polyembryony, or that enforce intense inbreeding. Or, it can mean the purposeful manipulation of cells and whole genomes to generate genetically identical cell masses or even entire clonal individuals via mechanisms that may differ quite radically from those known in nature. This chapter reviews laboratory methods in biotechnology, and canvasses the resulting biological products that have emerged to date from each of these forms of human-mediated clonality.

Keywords:   biotechnology, genetic engineering, recombinant-DNA, human cloning, clonal processes

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