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Global CompassionPrivate Voluntary Organizations and U.S. Foreign Policy Since 1939$
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Rachel M. McCleary

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195371178

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371178.001.1

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 July 2021

The Beginning of the Cold War and the Promotion of Economic Development, 1946–59

The Beginning of the Cold War and the Promotion of Economic Development, 1946–59

(p.60) 3 The Beginning of the Cold War and the Promotion of Economic Development, 1946–59
Global Compassion

Rachel M. McCleary (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyzes how PVOs worked with the military and the U.N. Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) in postwar relief and reconstruction efforts. The tension between becoming “supply” agencies and continuing community development resulted in the creation of PVO consortia, such as CARE, CRALOG (Council of Relief Agencies Licensed for Operation in Germany), and LARA (Licensed Agencies for Relief in Asia), specializing in relief supplies. With the onset of the cold war, PVOs became a vehicle of the U.S. “containment” policy. This chapter discusses the introduction of federal programs to PVOs in the form of ocean freight reimbursements and surplus food commodities. These two axes (cold war containment policy and increasing federal aid) raised two persisting issues of contention among PVOs: first the tension between being a “relief” agency as opposed to a development one and second the independence or “volunteerism” of PVOs from the federal government.

Keywords:   ACVFA, UNRRA, IRO, CARE, CRALOG, LARA, Marshall Plan, ocean freight, Mutual Security Act, volagency

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