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Oberammergau in the Nazi EraThe Fate of a Catholic Village in Hitler's Germany$
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Helena Waddy

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195371277

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371277.001.0001

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(p.63) 3 Nazis
Oberammergau in the Nazi Era

Helena Waddy (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Chapter Three looks around Munich at the spot where Hitler celebrated war in 1914, at the defile where his 1923 Putsch ended in bloodshed, and at the ruined temples built to honor the Putsch’s martyrs. In 1929 Oberammergau’s Nazi chapter was launched primarily by outsiders, but gradually insiders joined, including the architect who became the Nazi mayor, Raimund Lang. These Nazis clashed with a strong Catholic opposition, including Raimund’s cousin Anton Lang, who led charitable efforts to assist desperate villagers during the Depression. The local curate clashed dramatically with Lang in the repeated 1932 election campaigns. The July 1932 election brought the Nazis’ top vote of more than 37%, making them by far the largest party in Germany. Eventually, in January 1933 Hitler became chancellor, and although the Nazi seizure of power passed without much drama in the village, Nazi-Catholic tensions soon emerged, setting up years of confrontation in Oberammergau.

Keywords:   Putsch, chapter, Anton Lang, depression, July 1932 election, Germany, Hitler, Nazi, Catholic, Oberammergau

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