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Oberammergau in the Nazi EraThe Fate of a Catholic Village in Hitler's Germany$
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Helena Waddy

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195371277

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371277.001.0001

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(p.157) 6 Leaders
Oberammergau in the Nazi Era

Helena Waddy (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Chapter Six introduces Oberammergau’s venerable Music Club, whose members, dressed in colorful uniforms, played a crucial role in both Catholic processions and the entertainment of tourists, as well as Passion seasons. Yet they led an oblique form of democratic opposition to Mayor Lang after the 1934 Passion Play season was completed. Both Nazis and Catholics pursued their separate cultural agendas in an increasingly hostile dynamic during the mid 1930s. Nazi organizations included the Women’s League, the German Labor Front and its Strength through Joy subsidiary, the Community Welfare Association, the Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls. Catholics faced increasing restrictions on their associational activities but maintained an active ritual round, despite eventual circumscription of their traditional processions. The single Jew living in Oberammergau was driven out during Kristallnacht in 1938 and forced into emigration following a brief stint in Dachau.

Keywords:   Oberammergau, Nazis, Catholics, Passion Play, Women’s League, German Labor Front, strength through joy, Hitler Youth, League of German Girls, Kristallnacht

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