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The FilioqueHistory of a Doctrinal Controversy$
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Edward Siecienski

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195372045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.001.0001

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The Latin West

The Latin West

(p.51) 3 The Latin West
The Filioque

Edward A. Siecienski (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Although a few important elements remain shrouded in mystery, the history of the filioque in the West is a relatively well documented phenomenon. Although there are a few scattered references to the relationship of Son and Spirit in the writings of the apologists, the story of filioque begins with Tertullian, as Latin theology began to link the understanding of God’s very nature (i.e., the theology) and the biblical revelation that the Holy Spirit is given to the Church by both the Father and the Son. Although the Latin fathers (e.g., Ambrose) increasingly used language that could be thought to support the filioque, it was Augustine of Hippo who first explicitly spoke of the Spirit proceeding from both the Father and the Son, and who later became the patristic authority for the orthodoxy of the filioque. By the seventh century not only was the filioque part of the creed in many parts of the West, but also considered part of the apostolic faith.

Keywords:   Tertullian, Hilary of Poitiers, Marius Victorinus, Ambrose of Milan, Jerome, Augustine of Hippo, Leo the Great, Fulgentius of Ruspe, Third Council of Toledo, Gregory the Great

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