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The FilioqueHistory of a Doctrinal Controversy$
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Edward Siecienski

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195372045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.001.0001

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The Filioque from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century

The Filioque from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century

(p.87) 5 The Filioque from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century
The Filioque

Edward A. Siecienski (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Following the death of Maximus the Confessor in 662 there was a centuries-long silence about the filioque from Eastern sources although the West continued to embrace and teach the doctrine as an integral part of the orthodox faith. However, with the beginning of the iconoclastic controversy in the eighth century, tension between Byzantium and the West increased (exacerbated by the political and cultural divisions created by the Charlemagne’s imperial coronation), and the filioque was quickly catapulted from the obscure theological backwaters to became a casus belli. This was especially true during the time of the so-called Photian Schism when the terms of the debate were framed as a simple choice—either the Spirit proceeded from the Father alone (as Photius and the East maintained) or he proceeded from the Father and the Son (according to the Carolingian teaching). It was this dynamic that came to characterize the filioque debates for the next several centuries.

Keywords:   Council of Gentilly, John of Damascus, Council of Nicea II, Charlemagne, Alcuin of York, Ratramnus of Corbie, Photius of Constantinople, Photian Schism, Theodulf of Orleans, Council of Frankfurt, Council of Friuli, Pope Leo III, Council of Aachen, Aeneas of Paris, Council of Worms, Anastasius Bibliothecarius, John Scotus Erigena

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