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The FilioqueHistory of a Doctrinal Controversy$
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Edward Siecienski

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195372045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.001.0001

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The Filioque from the Eleventh to the Thirteenth Century

The Filioque from the Eleventh to the Thirteenth Century

(p.111) 6 The Filioque from the Eleventh to the Thirteenth Century
The Filioque

Edward A. Siecienski (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Although an uneasy peace was maintained in the years after Photius, during the tenth and eleventh centuries political, cultural, and religious factors rapidly drove East and West further part. The mutual excommunications of Cardinal Humbert and Patriarch Michael Cerularius in 1054, often called the beginning of the “Great Schism” between East and West, reignited the filioque debate, as its omission from/addition to the creed came to be seen as sign of the other’s heretical ways. While the Greek-speaking East continued to rely heavily on the claims put forward in the Mystagogia, Latin scholastic theologians like Anselm and Thomas Aquinas advanced an entirely new series of arguments in favor of the doctrine. Theological encounters between the two sides (with some notable exceptions) only exacerbated the tension, and following the Fourth Crusade there seemed little chance of healing the breach that had grown up between Christian East and West.

Keywords:   Cardinal Humbert of Silva Candida, Patriarch Michael Cerularius, Great Schism, Theophylact of Ohrid, Anselm of Canterbury, Peter Lombard, Richard of St. Victor, Anselm of Havelberg, Nicetas of Nicomedia, Fourth Crusade, Bonaventure, Thomas Aquinas

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