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The FilioqueHistory of a Doctrinal Controversy$
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Edward Siecienski

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195372045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.001.0001

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The Council of Ferrara-Florence (1438–39)

The Council of Ferrara-Florence (1438–39)

(p.151) 8 The Council of Ferrara-Florence (1438–39)
The Filioque

Edward A. Siecienski (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

By any standard the “reunion council” of Ferrara-Florence was a disaster. Yet whether it was a success that failed or a failure that almost succeeded, the Council of Florence warrants a special place in any study of the filioque debates, for during the Florentine debates all the evidence and all the historic arguments—biblical, patristic, scholastic—either proving or disproving the orthodoxy of the doctrine were brought forward. It was, in many ways, the history of the debate in miniature. Unwilling to bend or compromise, and convinced that the other was in error, Latins and Greeks argued back and forth for months without result. Although the Byzantines (with the notable exception of Mark of Ephesus) finally relented, essentially embracing the Latin teaching as their own, the Latin victory was too great ever to be accepted in the East, leading to the council’s ultimate rejection by the Eastern Church.

Keywords:   Council of Ferrara-Florence, Pope Eugene IV, Emperor John VIII Palaeologus, Patriarch Joseph II, Bessarion of Nicea, Mark Eugenicus of Ephesus, George Scholarius, John of Montenero, Laetentur Caeli

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