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Major Issues in Cognitive Aging$
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Timothy Salthouse

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195372151

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372151.001.0001

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Relations between Age and Cognitive Functioning

Relations between Age and Cognitive Functioning

(p.3) 1 Relations between Age and Cognitive Functioning
Major Issues in Cognitive Aging

Timothy A. Salthouse

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the purpose of this book, which is to summarize some of the robust and replicated research findings concerned with the effects of aging on cognitive abilities, and to discuss potential causes and consequences of these effects. It presents a comparison of cognitive aging with physical aging, and discusses tests used to assess cognitive ability. The chapter then discusses the two broad themes about cognitive aging that have been apparent from the beginning of research on this topic. The first theme is that different cognitive variables have different patterns of relations with age; and the second is that there is large variation in cognitive performance across people at any given age, such that the differences associated with age correspond to only a small proportion of the total variation which exists across people.

Keywords:   cognitive aging, physical aging, cognition, cognitive aging research, cognitive performance

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