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Strangers in a Strange LabHow Personality Shapes Our Initial Encounters with Others$
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William Ickes

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195372953

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372953.001.0001

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The Big Five

The Big Five

Chapter:
(p.121) 8 The Big Five
Source:
Strangers in a Strange Lab
Author(s):

William Ickes

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372953.003.0008

This chapter reviews the research history that led to the identification of the Big Five personality dimensions of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience. Following the lead of a previous study by David Funder and Carl Sneed, the effects of the Big Five personality traits in the initial interactions of male—male, male—female, and female—female dyads were examined. As expected, most of the effects found were for the traits of extraversion and agreeableness. Several serendipitous interaction effects were also found, however. These effects revealed that pairs of two extraverts or two introverts get along better than “mismatched” extravert—introvert pairs do. The results further revealed that dyads composed of two “disagreeable” individuals have particularly poor initial interactions.

Keywords:   Big Five, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness to experience, male—male dyads, male—female dyads, female—female dyads, personality similarity

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