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Macro Cultural PsychologyA Political Philosophy of Mind$
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Carl Ratner

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195373547

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373547.001.0001

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General principles of cultural psychology

General principles of cultural psychology

2 General principles of cultural psychology
Macro Cultural Psychology

Carl Ratner

Oxford University Press

The chapter explains unique human psychology as the outgrowth of unique properties of culture. Human psychology is cultural because it is selected by the cultural environment. This is a Darwinian argument. Human culture is socially constructed in fast-changing variable forms. It requires flexible psychological phenomena that can design and maintain and change these kinds of cultural factors. This is anathema to fixed, biologically programmed behavioral tendencies. Even human biology is socially formed. Examples of the unique, cultural formation of psychology are provided. Biological functions are shown to potentiate rather than determine psychology/behavior.

Keywords:   animal behavior, nature, cultural environment, Darwinian, biologically programmed

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