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Designing Positive PsychologyTaking Stock and Moving Forward$
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Kennon M. Sheldon, Todd B. Kashdan, and Michael F. Steger

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195373585

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 December 2021

Character and Personality

Character and Personality

Connections between Positive Psychology and Personality Psychology

Chapter:
(p.207) 14 Character and Personality
Source:
Designing Positive Psychology
Author(s):

Erik E. Noftle

Sarah A. Schnitker

Richard W. Robins

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0014

This chapter has three central aims. First, it examines the validity of the claim that mainstream psychology has neglected the study of positive character traits and argues that the field of personality psychology has actually led to important advances in the understanding of character traits and their outcomes. Second, it evaluates the Values in Action (VIA) classification of character strengths and summarizes research testing its empirical structure, assessing its overlap with the Big Five trait dimensions and comparing its predictive validity to the Big Five. Third, it suggests ways in which the field of positive psychology can move forward, applying the lessons of nearly a century of personality psychology. Future research needs to address validity concerns, forge links between the character strengths and underlying processes, and pursue large-scale longitudinal studies examining normative development, the efficacy of interventions, and long-term real-world outcomes.

Keywords:   positive psychology, positive character traits, personality traits, personality psychology, trait dimensions

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