This chapter provides the theoretical background for the analysis of Short Do Replies in the next chapter. It contains three main points. First of all, it provides supporting evidence for the presence of two polarity projections (PolPs) in Dutch dialects, one dominating TP and one dominated by TP. Secondly, it argues that the syntax of contradictory sentential emphasis (or verum focus) consists of two components: on the one hand, the activation of the C°-related head VFoc° to host the verum-operator, and on the other hand, focus movement of the polarity of the clause to the specifier of the CP-projection immediately dominated by VFocP. Thirdly, it argues that the proform that is present in Short Do Replies is properly licensed and identified if it is merged with the high Pol°-head. Moreover, this head has to be focus-marked and morpho-phonologically realized.
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