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Then A Miracle OccursFocusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research$
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Christopher R. Agnew, Donal E. Carlston, William G. Graziano, and Janice R. Kelly

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195377798

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.001.0001

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Behavior, the Brain, and the Social Psychology of Close Relationships

Behavior, the Brain, and the Social Psychology of Close Relationships

(p.283) 15 Behavior, the Brain, and the Social Psychology of Close Relationships
Then A Miracle Occurs

Arthur Aron

Oxford University Press

This chapter serves as a useful reminder of the multiple roles served by behavior in social psychological research. All too often, behavior is considered important only as a key dependent variable. But behavior is also often used as a criterion variable for validating self-report measures. Moreover, at times behavior is used as a means of operationalizing a specific affective, cognitive, or motivational state, at the individual level, dyad level, or group level. Behavior also may be seen as playing a mediating role, providing the necessary middle step(s) in a process involving multiple steps (and, often, multiple actors). The author also reminds us of the classic role of behavior as an experimental manipulation. Finally, the author describes how neuroscience methods often serve the same function for social psychologist studying neural activity as traditional behavior measures do.

Keywords:   behavior, close relationships, measurement, neuroscience methods, research methods, social psychology

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