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The Ottoman Age of Exploration$
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Giancarlo Casale

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195377828

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377828.001.0001

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Rustem Pasha Versus The Indian Ocean Faction

Rustem Pasha Versus The Indian Ocean Faction


(p.84) Four Rustem Pasha Versus The Indian Ocean Faction
The Ottoman Age of Exploration

Giancarlo Casale (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on Rustem Pasha, who dominated Ottoman political life throughout the middle decades of the 16th century. Nominated to the grand vizierate upon Hadim Suleiman's dismissal in November of 1544, Rustem went on to hold the position almost continuously until his death seventeen years later. Unlike his predecessor Hadim Suleiman, who had consistently sought to maximize the free flow of trade across Ottoman lands from the Indian Ocean, Rustem professed a deep-seated suspicion of foreign merchants and generally favored an economic policy that subordinated mercantile interests to the needs of supplying the army and provisioning the Ottoman capital. Rather than seeing the flow of goods in and out of the Ottoman Empire as a source of wealth and a reaffirmation of Ottoman prestige, Rustem seems to have viewed international trade primarily as a threat, a drain through which the precious metals and other strategic resources of the empire were being continually sucked away.

Keywords:   Rustem Pasha, Ottoman political life, Ottoman Empire, Age of Exploration, Indian Ocean faction

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