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Terror in the Land of the Holy SpiritGuatemala Under General Efrain Rios Montt, 1982-1983$
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Virginia Garrard-Burnett

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195379648

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379648.001.0001

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“Los Que Matan en el Nombre de Dios”

“Los Que Matan en el Nombre de Dios”

Ríos Montt and the Religious Question

(p.113) 5 “Los Que Matan en el Nombre de Dios”
Terror in the Land of the Holy Spirit

Virginia Garrard‐Burnett

Oxford University Press

Using newly available church and guerrilla records, this chapter first discusses the radicalization of the Catholic Church in Guatemala and the alliances formed by the religious and armed Left. Second, it explores the charges that Guatemalan evangelicals were the handmaidens of the Ríos Montt regime. This chapter finds that the binary of radical Catholics and conservative Protestants, though not altogether inaccurate, is also not entirely true, as many Protestants, Pentecostals in particular, interpreted the exigencies of the era in apocalyptic terms, believing the scorched‐earth campaign to be the “time of trials” described in the Book of Revelation. This chapter relies on primary sources from evangelical and Catholic Church archives. In particular, it utilizes newly available sources to explore the development of liberation theology in Guatemala and the radical church’s relationship with the militant indigenous movement, the CUC. The chapter also uses evangelical popular publications, interviews, and church records.

Keywords:   Catholic Church, Catholic Action, liberation theology, Protestantism, evangélico, Pentecostalism

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