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The Fundamentalist MindsetPsychological Perspectives on Religion, Violence, and History$
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Charles B. Strozier, David M. Terman, James W. Jones, and Katherine A. Boyd

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195379655

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379655.001.0001

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Hindu Victimhood and India’s Muslim Minority

Hindu Victimhood and India’s Muslim Minority

(p.195) 15 Hindu Victimhood and India’s Muslim Minority
The Fundamentalist Mindset

John R. McLane

Oxford University Press

This chapter attempts to answer these questions: Why have many Indians become much more receptive to the Hindutva (Hinduness) movement's anti-Muslim teachings in recent decades? What is the connection between the spread of anti-Muslim sentiment, the rise in Hindu—Muslim violence, and the emergence of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as one of the two largest political parties in India? Why have so many people responded to the alternating messages of Hindu victimhood and impotence on the one hand, and Hindu grandeur and virility on the other? Why do Hindu extremists act as if the Indian nation is dirty and incomplete as long as Muslims are not removed? Are acts of revenge against innocent Muslims giving rise to violent Islamist movements inside India? In short, what has the Hindutva movement gained by scapegoating Muslims as a grave danger to India? The first part of the chapter focuses on the half-century or so leading up to World War I. The second section examines the period from World War I to the 1980s, the period before militant Hinduism transformed itself into a mass movement. The final section examines the campaign to build a Hindu temple on Ram's birthplace, and the spread of Hindu militancy and violence to new groups of the population. It concludes with a brief summary of Muslim responses to Hindu militancy, responses that suggest a violent future.

Keywords:   fundamentalism, fundamentalist mindset, India, anit-Muslim, Hindutva movement

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