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Global Occupational Health$
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Tee L. Guidotti

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195380002

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 October 2020

Musculoskeletal Disorders

Musculoskeletal Disorders

(p.277) 15 Musculoskeletal Disorders
Global Occupational Health

Thomas Läubli

Craig Karpilow

Oxford University Press

Musculoskeletal disorders are a very common and distinct form of injuries affecting the musculoskeletal system in that they develop over a period of time with repeated strain, usually due to adverse ergonomic factors. They are chronic rather than acute and affect muscles, nerves, joints and connective tissues such as tendons and ligaments, but not bone. Chronic low back pain is most common and in one study 15 to 30% of subjects in one study had back pain at the time of interview and up to 70% had it over the course of their lifetime. Musculoskeletal disorders can be very painful and may limit a worker's ability to work and to conduct the normal activities of life, especially if they involve the hands and back. Chronic pain syndrome is a condition in which the pain continues long after the injury and sometimes gets worse. Repetitive strain injury is a class of musculoskeletal disorders that are caused by numerous repeated movements of an intrinsically weak body part, causing strain, inflammation and often swelling, which results in chronic discomfort and pain and loss of function. This category of disease includes tension neck syndrome, tendonitis and tenosynovitis and nerve and blood vessel disorders. Psychological factors play an important role in the response to and recovery from musculoskeletal disorders.

Keywords:   musculoskeletal disorders, chronic low back pain, chronic pain, repetitive strain injury, tendonitis, tenosynovitis, tension neck syndrome, nerve disorders, blood vessel disorders, psychological factors

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