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Global Occupational Health$
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Tee L. Guidotti

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195380002

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.001.0001

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Chemical Safety and Risk Assessment

Chemical Safety and Risk Assessment

(p.19) 2 Chemical Safety and Risk Assessment
Global Occupational Health

Kai M. Savolainen

Pentti Kalliokoski

Oxford University Press

Chemical safety is the general term for managing the hazards and risk associated with particular chemicals, both to protect workers and residents in the community. Hazards associated with chemicals may include poisoning, irritation, chemical burns, foul odour, allergies, explosion, fire and combustion products, release of heat or induction of cold. A particular problem with chemical safety occurs when workers enter confined spaces, places that are enclosed such air does not circulate freely and gases or vapours can collect at high concentrations and cause poisoning. Toxicology is the science that studies how chemicals are handled in the body and how they affect the body in causing injury or illness.

Keywords:   chemical safety, hazards, risk, chemicals, risk assessment, toxicology, poisoning, injury, illness, combustion

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