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Global Occupational Health$
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Tee L. Guidotti

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195380002

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.001.0001

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(p.107) 6 Safety
Global Occupational Health

Tee L. Guidotti

Oxford University Press

Safety, or safety science, refers to the application of technology, behavioral science and administrative controls to prevent incidents resulting in injury, property loss and lost productivity. Occupational safety is a general field in which safety personnel become experts in preventing injuries on the job through ergonomics and safety engineering. There are many occupational safety problems common to all occupations, such as falls from heights and handling materials. Fatalities are deaths due to injuries on the job. Societies in different times and places have developed different ideas about injury. . Modern safety science uses an approach called Haddon's Countermeasures and an evaluation tool called Haddon's Matrix, both of which were developed by the same safety scientist, who considered injuries to be the adverse consequences of the uncontrolled release of energy acting on a susceptible structure, such as the human body, in an environment that permitted the incident to happen. Injuries tend to be underreported, because workers want to keep their jobs and supervisors do not want to look bad. The injury pyramid is a graphic display of the relationship between fatalities and serious injuries, lost-time injuries, minor injuries, and near-misses. Incidents resulting in injury can be anticipated and prevented by capturing information early on near-misses and minor incidents, which allows planning to prevent the major incidents.

Keywords:   safety, ergonomics, fatalities, Haddon's countermeasures, Haddon's matrix, surveillance, injuries, injury pyramid, incidents

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