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International Norms and Cycles of Change - Oxford Scholarship Online
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International Norms and Cycles of Change

Wayne Sandholtz and Kendall Stiles


International lawyers and international relations scholars recognize that international norms change over time. Practices that were once permissible and even “normal” — like slavery, conquest, and wartime plundering — are now prohibited by international rules. Yet though we acknowledge norm change, we are just beginning to understand how and why international rules develop in the ways that they do. This book sketches the primary theoretical perspectives on international norm change, the “legalization” and “transnational activist” approaches, and argues that both are limited by their focus on i ... More

Keywords: international rules, legalization, transnational activism, cycle theory, empirical cases, sovereignty rules, liberal rules

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9780195380088
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380088.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Wayne Sandholtz, author
University of California, Irvine
Author Webpage

Kendall Stiles, author
Brigham Young University