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Tools for Innovation$
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Arthur Markman and Kristin Wood

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195381634

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381634.001.0001

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Thinking with Sketches

Thinking with Sketches

(p.75) Chapter 4 Thinking with Sketches
Tools for Innovation

Barbara Tversky

Masaki Suwa

Oxford University Press

Sketches serve to externalize ideas, render fleeting ideas permanent, confer coherence on scattered concepts, and turn internal thoughts public. They can be created and recreated, examined and re-examined, configured and reconfigured, considered and reconsidered, for clarity and for creativity. The schematic vocabulary of sketches allows both expression and discovery of ideas. Sketching is integral to design, where vagueness encourages reinterpretation and discourages fixation. Using sketches to those ends requires constructive perception, a combination of a perceptual skill of reconfiguring and a cognitive skill of finding remote associations.

Keywords:   sketch, design, creativity, diagram, discovery, reconfigure

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